About Ankle Sprains

What is an Ankle Sprain?

An ankle sprain is a common injury in which the ligaments are stretched or torn. Ligaments are bands or sheets of fibrous tissue that connect two or more bones or cartilages. They also serve as a support for fasciae or muscles.


The following are the possible symptoms of your ankle sprain:

  • Swelling/puffiness
  • Redness
  • Bruising
  • Increased pain when shifting weight
  • Warmth in the ankle
  • Restricted ankle mobility

Ankle Sprain Grades

There are 3 grades of ankle sprains:

  • 1st degree – Mild injury, pain, and +/- swelling. Stretch of Anterior Talofibular Ligament (no macroscopic tear). Functionally intact.
  • 2nd degree – Moderate injury with moderate-to-severe swelling. Partial Anterior Talofibular Ligament and Calcaneofibular Ligament macroscopic tears. Less functionally intact. Weight bearing is difficult due to moderate/extreme pain.
  • 3rd degree – Severe injury and pain with diffuse swelling. Anterior Talofibular Ligament, Calcaneofibular Ligament, and Posterior Talofibular Ligament are all completely torn. Gross instability and near or complete loss of motion and function.

Common Causes

Most people have a sprained ankle at some point in his or her life. Usually, it will be an inversion sprain; this is also commonly known as “rolling an ankle.” It is a typical injury that occurs when playing sports, in slip and fall accidents, and in premises liability accidents.


Besides discomfort and pain, you may have some degree of difficulty with normal walking. Depending on your job, it may be necessary to receive a note from a physician requesting light duty if bending or lifting is required.


The RICE method is usually useful in treating a sprain.

  • R – Rest
  • I – Ice
  • C – Compression
  • E – Elevation

Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or acetaminophen, can also help you with the pain and swelling. If necessary, use an ankle brace or support in addition to strengthening and range of motion exercises. Once the swelling and pain start to diminish, it is highly recommended for you to start doing exercises for the ankle in order to regain full mobility and functionality. In severe and rare cases, a cast or, possibly, surgery may be required.

Contact Us

If you sprained your ankle due to another’s negligence, you can contact the Law Offices of Michael Cordova by calling us at (602) 265-6700.