Nursing Home Abuse: What You Need to Know

Nursing Home Abuse - What You Need to KnowNursing Home Abuse: What You Need To Know

Roughly 1,800 deaths occur each year due to elder abuse and nearly 10%, or roughly 150,000 seniors experience elder abuse each year. Elder abuse exists in many forms, many of which may not be evidenced by clear, physical signs. Many victims of elder abuse are frail and vulnerable and often unable to protect themselves or seek needed help. Elder abuse can be difficult to prove once suspicion arises, and a number of nursing home abuse cases go unreported and unpunished.

What is nursing home abuse?

Elder neglect, or nursing home negligence, most commonly occurs when a resident does not receive proper medical, physical, or emotional attention. As a result, neglect can pose a serious risk of harm to victims. In certain cases, neglect may escalate to physical or emotional abuse.

Different types of elder abuse.

Elder abuse—the mistreatment or exploitation of senior citizens—can take many different forms. Instances of elder abuse range from the infliction of physical harm to the use of fraud or coercion to extract financial or material gain from vulnerable seniors. Elder abuse includes: physical abuse (hitting, pushing, shaking, kicking, force-feeding etc.); emotional/psychological abuse (verbal assaults, intimidation, humiliation, threats, harassment, and treating elders like children); sexual abuse (non-consensual sexual contact with an elder, such as unwanted touching or forced nudity); neglect (a caregiver’s failure to fulfill his or her duty to provide the care needed by an elderly person, such as failure to provide a dependent elder with life necessities like food or clean water); financial or material exploitation (cashing checks without authorization, forging signatures, stealing or misusing money or possessions, coercing or deceiving an elderly person into signing a document, etc.); and abandonment, which occurs when a designated caretaker or legal guardian leaves an elder person to fend for him or herself.

Cause of elder abuse in nursing homes and the necessary actions to take to prevent elder abuse.

Elder abuse in nursing homes can be caused by, but is not limited to, nursing home negligence/fault, inattentiveness, or a conscious mistreatment of elders, whether physically or emotionally. It is the duty and obligation of a Phoenix nursing home to ensure the safety of your parent. The following are a couple necessary actions that should be taken in order to prevent elder abuse: background checks need to be performed on all employees for any previous criminal activity; the employees should be knowledgeable on the care and handling of the elderly, especially to avoid malnutrition and bedsores; and the nursing home also needs to be conscious and aware of its employees and their actions around elders.

Potential signs of nursing home abuse.

While not an exhaustive list, here are some signs to watch out for that could hint at the existence of elder/nursing home abuse: sudden weight loss; bedsores or pressure ulcers; injuries from nursing home falls; dehydration; malnutrition; withdrawal or changes in behavior; lack of personal hygiene or changes to appearance; limited exchange with staff; limited socialization with nursing home residents; or environmental hazards, including poor lighting, slippery floors, unsafe equipment or furniture.

If you or a family member has suffered elder abuse, please speak with an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in the area of elder and nursing home abuse.

Arizona Dog Leash Laws

Arizona Dog Leash Laws

In Arizona, your dog should be on a leash at all times. No dog shall be permitted at large. Dog owners are often unaware of the Arizona laws that require taking proper measures to restrain your pet to protect others from potential harm that can arise out of your dog’s actions. Below are the basic of Arizona Dog Leash Laws.

Dog Leash LawsThe Basics of Arizona Dog Leash Law

Each dog should be confined with an enclosure on the owner’s property, so that the dog is confined entirely to the owner’s property, or on a leash not to exceed six feet in length, directly under the owner’s control when not on the owner’s property.


Exceptions to Arizona Dog Leash Law

However, the requirement that your dog be restrained by a leash or other means does not apply to a park, or an area within a park, that is designated by the Director of the Parks and Recreation Board as a dog park. However, the owner must remain in control of the dog.

When is a Dog Not Considered at Large?

A dog is not at large if:

  • The dog is restrained by a leash, chain, rope, or cord of more than six feet in length and of sufficient strength to control the dog
  • The dog is being used for control of livestock, or being exhibited or trained at a kennel club event or at an organized dog sport event approved by the City Manager or the City Manager’s authorized representative, or is engaged in races approved by the Arizona Racing Commission
  • The dog, whether on or off the property of the owner, is within a suitable enclosure which actually confines the dog
  • The dog is a working animal under the control of the handler. For example, a dog who is specifically trained or is being trained for law enforcement or search and rescue work and under the control of a handler, a person who has successfully completed a course of training and who is using a working animal under the direction of a Law Enforcement Agency

Steps Law Enforcement Officers Can Take When a Dog is Found at Large

  • The dog may be apprehended and impounded
  • Citation(s) may be issued to the dog’s owner or person acting for the owner when the dog is at large
  • Any dog at large, or other animal, that is dangerous, vicious, or fierce and a threat to human safety that cannot be safely impounded may be immediately put to sleep

Five Reasons to Obey Leash Laws

  • It is the law
  • When your dog is under your control—like on a leash—the dog is less likely to get into something he is not supposed to
  • Just because your dog is friendly does not mean every dog is friendly
  • Not everyone is physically able to withstand a dog jumping on them, even a nice dog
  • People have the right to walk in a public park without being confronted by loose dogs.

If you or a loved one has suffered an injury resulting from a dog that was not on a leash and roaming at large, it is important to seek medical attention for your injury and call an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in claims involving Arizona dog leash laws.

Arizona Dog-Bite Laws

Arizona’s Dog Bite Laws: An Introduction to Liability for Dog Bites.

A dog can be a man’s best friend. But sometimes dogs bite. In Arizona, dog bite laws impose strict liability on the owner of a dog that bites a person. Strict liability means the owner of the dog is responsible for injuries inflicted by their dog without respect to fault on the part of the owner.

Dog Bite Blog

Merits of a Lawsuit

While not an exhaustive list, here are some questions that can be used to determine the potential merits of a dog bite lawsuit.

How serious were the injuries? The severity of the injuries may determine the amount of potential recovery.

Do you know who owns the dog? Any legal claim must be brought against the dog’s owner.

Where did the incident occur? In strict liability states, like Arizona, you may only have to prove that you were bitten by a dog owned by another person, without provocation.

Beware! Dog bite statutes have a one-year statute of limitations.

In Arizona, if you have been injured as a result of a dog bite, you have one year to bring a lawsuit. In some cases, however, you may have two years. The length of time to take action for a dog bite injury depends on the law applied to your case.

Who pays damages resulting from a dog bite?

Dog bites can result in serious and permanent injury, and lead to expensive medical bills and lost wages. To protect oneself from liability a dog owner should have animal insurance. Additionally, homeowner and car insurance can help pay for damages resulting from a dog bite.

Tips for Avoiding Dog Bites.

About 4.7 million Americans suffer from dog bites each year. Here are just a few tips for avoiding dog bites:

Look for signs of anxiety—these signs can include: ears folded back, tenseness, or the whites of their eyes are visible.

Heed the yellow ribbon—if a dog is wearing a yellow ribbon on its collar or leash, this is a sign that the dog should be approached with caution.

Do not let kids chase dogs—chasing after a dog, primarily a dog that has walked away from a child that is bothering it, may make it feel the need to attack to protect itself.

If you or a loved one has suffered an injury resulting from a dog bite, it is important to seek medical attention for your injury, obtain all documentation, and call an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in claims involving dog bites in Arizona.

The Risks of Plastic Surgery

The Risks of Plastic Surgery

With plastic surgery procedures continuing at a steady growth, many complications can occur. In 2014, there were 15.6 million cosmetic procedures and 5.8 million reconstructive procedures. Plastic surgery procedures, however, carry serious health risks. While the reason for plastic surgery differs from person to person, the health risks involved from such procedures are all the same. Some post-operative complications are unavoidable, while others could be due to medical malpractice.

Plastic Surgery


The need for awareness.

While this is not an exhaustive list of health risks that can result from a procedure gone wrong, below are some of the common risks to look out for after a plastic surgery procedure:


Complications from anesthesia—anesthesia (some form thereof) is used in almost any procedure. Complications can lead to lung infections, stroke, heart attacks, and even death.

Nerve or Organ damage—with so many nerves in our body, potential for nerve damage is present in many surgical procedures; plastic surgery can create numbness and/or tingling afterwards.

Hematoma—a collection of blood outside the blood vessels can visibly resemble a large bruise and may require additional operations to drain the blood.

Seroma—occurs when blood plasma pools beneath the surface of the skin due to ruptured blood vessels which can result in swelling and pain. Seromas can become infected and may need to be drained with a needle.

Responsibilities of a plastic surgeon.

A huge part of a plastic surgeon’s job is educating patients about safety concerns or risks associated with the procedures the patient wants. For example, a surgeon must instruct his patient on the proper aftercare following the procedure. Additionally, a plastic surgeon’s job is not finished once a patient leaves recovery. Rather, a surgeon must schedule follow-up appointments to check the healing of the procedures and check for any warning signs of infection or other complications, or adjust the recovery plan as necessary. If a plastic surgeon fails to uphold his duties, he is subject to the consequences.

Plastic Surgeon Ethics.

The Hippocratic Oath, the most famous text in Western medicine, instructs doctors to act in the best interests of their patients. When unjust circumstances arise, doctors should strive to correct the injustice harming their patients. Additionally, doctors should refrain from immoral behavior and resist the temptations that accompany their privileged position. The Hippocratic Oath requires doctors to acknowledge the limits of their competence and keep patient information confidential. Doctors must respect the Hippocratic Oath; if they do not, they are subject to punishment.

If you or a loved one is a victim of medical malpractice resulting from a plastic surgery procedure, it is important to call an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in medical malpractice claims involving plastic surgery procedures gone wrong.

Raffle for Phoenix Children’s Project

According to The Annie E. Casey Foundation, a whopping 27% – or 429,000 – of children in Arizona are living in poverty with Arizona ranking a dismal 46th in the United States.  One local foundation, Phoenix Children’s Project, has made it its mission to improve the lives of children living in poverty in our local Phoenix community.  Most recently, the Law Offices of Michael Cordova sponsored children as part of the Phoenix Children’s Project back-to-school program, providing uniforms, shoes, and essentials to start the new school year.  Do you have the desire to help children in our local community but not sure how?  The Law Offices of Michael Cordova has made it easy and fun to support this great organization!  We have created a Diamondbacks raffle giveaway, and here is how it works:


For every $1 you donate, your name will be entered into the raffle. You have a chance to win a Diamondbacks basket filled with lots of goodies and 4 tickets to the Diamondbacks vs. Los Angeles Dodgers game at Chase Field on Saturday, September 12th at 5:10 PM.

Simply click on the Donate link, make your donation, and fill out your name and e-mail address in the instruction box to be entered into the raffle. Remember, if you donate 1$, your name is entered once. If you donate $5, your name is entered 5 times! All proceeds will be given to the Phoenix Children’s Project. The raffle will end on Monday, September 7th at midnight, and the winner will be announced Tuesday morning.

Childhood poverty is happening right in our backyard. Let’s combat this local problem together!