Beating Heat Exhaustion

For an entire month, Arizona has seen daily temps reach 100 degrees or more. The following month is much of the same. Suffice it to say, hot weather is here to stay, and beating the heat is now a priority. An often overlooked aspect of hot weather, though, is heat exhaustion. This largely stems from our constant sluice of air conditioning. But, make no mistake, heat exhaustion can happen quickly, and to the most unsuspecting.

Background of Heat Exhaustion

Living in the desert can be a bit deceiving. Indeed, this is particularly true when dealing with heat, and heat exhaustion. Many times, our desert doesn’t afford us the gradual climb to 100 degrees; rather, the Arizona desert seems to prefer going from the 80s in March, to outright scorching by May. This makes the problem of heat exhaustion even more problematic, as it denies our bodies to acclimate to the weather.heat exhaustion

Further, the spike in heat, along with sustained heat thereafter, poses another set of problems—old habits die hard. Most people, like us, need time to change our daily habits to deal with the heat. This includes drinking 1-2 extra cups of water, changing our workout or hiking routine, and certainly changing the times we head outside. Without this much needed buffer of time to help acclimate to the weather, you might find yourself behind the curve.

That being said, Arizona emergency rooms consistently experience almost 2000 heat exhaustion cases year-over-year. Moreover, Arizona Department of Public Safety reports that heat has claimed 1,500 lives from the years 2000-2012. Numbers like that are no laughing matter.  So, let’s get into how we can combat heat exhaustion.

Types of Heat Exhaustion

Perhaps a surprise to many, heat exhaustion comes in two forms: water depletion, and salt depletion. Further, many cases of heat exhaustion are accompanied by dehydration. Lastly, without proper and immediate treatment, heat exhaustion can easily turn into heat stroke possibly damaging your brain, and other vital organs.

Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

There exist a variety of indicators to let you know the onset of heat exhaustion has occurred. Here are the most common signs:

  • Nausea, Diarrhea, or Vomiting
  • Muscle or Abdominal Cramps
  • Confusion, Dizziness, Fainting, or Headache
  • Pale Skin and Profuse Sweating

Treating Heat Exhaustion

The principle to treating heat exhaustion is a relatively easy one: get cool! To that end, the first thing to do is get out of the sun, then focus on cooling down. To accomplish the latter, loosen or remove tight fitting clothes, put something cold on the back of your neck, utilize any other cooling measures such as fans and baths, and begin to hydrate. As a good rule of thumb, consider doing all of them. If these remedial measures fail to provide relief, someone should seek emergency medical help for you.

With the Arizona heat showing no sign of reprieve, knowing the basics of heat exhaustion could save your life, or a loved one’s life. Be sure to know the symptoms of heat exhaustion, and the remedial measures to help combat the onset of heat exhaustion.  For more information, you can visit sites like WebMD or the Mayo Clinic for more information on heat exhaustion.

The Law Offices of Michael Cordova is committed to the safety of not just our clients, but our community. This article is meant to be informative, and in no way provides medical advice.  Should the onset of heat exhaustion occur, or any other medical ailments, the Law Offices of Michael Cordova reminds you to consult a medical professional for assistance.

GRID Bikes Takeover Phoenix

At the beginning of the year, Phoenix contracted with CycleHop, LLC., to institute a bike share program across the city. The program includes 500 GRID bikes in the city of Phoenix alone. Tempe and Mesa are said to follow. But, with beginners and novices swerving into traffic without helmets, or an understanding of Phoenix bike laws, is bike sharing the safest route possible for commuters on any set of wheels?

Grid Bikes

Phoenix Makes a Commitment—Sort of

The city of Phoenix was fully committed from the onset. Once the contract was accepted, Phoenix promptly made changes to the street grid. Mostly, this came in the form of adding bike lanes. But, these commitments do fall short. Instead of adding a real bike lane, where there is added space to the furthest right-side car lane, Phoenix instead chose to just add bike lane markings to already existing car lanes. Thus, this lane operates more of an interchangeable lane, where cars and bikes both ride in it. This is a stark difference to many bike lanes found in other metropolitan areas like Chicago or New York, where the bike lane is separate and apart from a car lane to ensure the safety of the rider.

The Numbers are Good

Arizona is relatively late to the bike sharing program. Indeed, the first bike share program started in 2007, while most other major metropolitan areas had one by 2013. However, that is a good thing. With Arizona cities as late entrants, previous cities have provided enough information to show if the bike share program really is safe.

Using New York as a guide—known for their mean streets—perhaps proves that safety is attainable. There, after nearly 10 million rides, New York’s bike share program has yet to mark a fatality; however, 40 riders have been injured resulting in medical attention. Nonetheless, those numbers are low. What’s lower? How about no fatalities across the entire U.S. since the beginning of the program (2007), which has chalked up a total of 23 million rides! Those numbers are nothing to balk at, and, oddly, do not reflect the same kind of safety expected by non-bike sharing riders.

Nevertheless, Phoenix might find itself on a different page. Again, other metropolitan cities like Chicago and New York built bike lanes separate and apart from a car lane. Phoenix, however, built bike lanes right into a car lane, where the lane can be used interchangeably. Without question, the safety of the rider in this scenario is at greater risk than a rider who has the benefit of using a separate bike lane.

GRID bikes provide ease and convenience for the city commuter, or for local errands and coffee with friends. Even with this convenience, riders should be prepared to know the laws governing bike riding in that city. Moreover, bikers should utilize all proper protective equipment.

GRID Bike Injury—Getting Help

If you or a loved one sustained an injury while riding a GRID bike, it is important to call an attorney immediately. The Law Offices of Michael Cordova has attorneys who are experienced in personal injury, bicycle accidents, and wrongful death.

Arizona Fireworks Guide

With every state having a complex set of firework laws, Arizona is no difference when it comes to which fireworks are legal, and which fireworks are illegal. To make it more confusing, Arizona passed a bill in April last year creating tiers for fireworks, dates permissible for use, and an outright prohibition on counties from banning fireworks. One thing that is clear: violation of the fireworks law will land you a fine up to $1000, and a class 1 misdemeanor. The Arizona Fireworks Guide shows you what you need to know about using fireworks during July 4th.

Prohibitions on Bans

The firework bill expressly prohibited counties, and cities within those counties, from banning fireworks. There is a catch: those counties must have populations of over 500,000 people. Thus, smaller counties are exempt from the outright prohibition of banning fireworks, and are free to institute a ban.

Restricted Use and Sale

Fireworks and the desert just don’t mix. That is why the firework bill sought to restrict the use of fireworks throughout the year. This also helps limit safety issues, as well. Unfortunately, the bill has two separate timeframe categories: sale and use. Further, of those two categories, the timeframes don’t always overlap (still with me?). Therefore, it is extremely easy for an Arizonan to find trouble with the law. Here are the dates to know:

Permitted Sale: May 20 – July 6; Dec 10 – Jan 3
Permitted Use: June 24 – July 6; Dec 24 – Jan 3

Fireworks—Legal and Illegal

Fireworks come in a large variety. Consequently, Arizona sought to create three categories of fireworks to help consolidate all the varieties, and square it with the bill’s restricted use and sale time frames. As seen in the Arizona Fireworks Guide, these categories come in green, yellow, and red: fireworks in the green category are available for use and sale all year; fireworks in the yellow category are restricted to the seasonal time frame, as annotated above, and; fireworks in the red category are completely prohibited. Below is a picture as a guide:

fireworks chart

As a friendly reminder, the Law Offices of Michael Cordova remind you to be safe when using fireworks. All fireworks, including novelties like sparklers, may cause injury if used in a manner inconsistent with proper use. Should you, or a loved one, find yourself injured by someone else’s improper use of fireworks it is important to contact an attorney immediately to review your case.

Hold’em For Hope Casino Night Fundraiser

This Saturday on May 16 at 6pm, Stepping Stones of Hope will host a Hold’em for Hope Casino Night fundraiser at the Arizona American Italian Club. The event is also led by the title sponsor—Law Offices of Michael Cordova—with the Hold’em For Hope Casino Night fundraiser aimed at helping grieving kids, teens, families, and adults who have tragically lost a loved one.

Stepping Stones for Hope

Stepping Stones of Hope offers help for grieving kids, teens, families and adults through education and camps. Change is difficult for everyone; accepting the death of a loved one, on top of all the normal changes life brings, is probably the most difficult to understand, especially for a child. Learning how to cope and accept these changes is important for navigating their individual path of grief and helping them grow up to enjoy a productive and successful life as an adult.

Stepping Stones for Hope program director Diane Raden noted the importance of events like Hold’em For Hope Casino Night fundraiser: “Casino night is just one of our many fundraisers in which the community, our business partners, supporters, volunteers, and past campers can all come together for a night of fun and fundraising for a great cause.”

A Natural Connection for the Law Offices of Michael Cordova

Personal injury firms like the Law Offices of Michael Cordova have to deal with more than just law; they deal with personal, emotionally impacted clients. After 23 years of practicing law Michael Cordova, owner and attorney of the Law Offices of Michael Cordova, understands the deep emotional pain clients experience when suffering from the loss of a loved one. “Unfortunately, we see many cases in which children are tragically impacted by the death of a loved one and we see the true benefit of organizations, like Stepping Stones of Hope, and how their camps help children understand and manage their grief,” explains Cordova.

For Michael Cordova it’s not just about recognition of the loss; it’s about taking actionable steps to help in a more meaningful way: “sponsoring Hold’em For Hope Casino Night fundraiser for Stepping Stones of Hope is a wonderful opportunity for our firm to give back to an organization in the Valley that makes a positive impact in the lives of kids and their families.”

Event Information

For more information about Stepping Stones of Hope’s Hold ‘Em For Hope Casino Night fundraiser, visit the website here. Tickets and sponsorships are available to purchase online from the website. For more detailed questions, please call the office at 602-264-7520.

Laparoscopic Power Morcellation Creates Caution, FDA Cites Cancer Risks

In April 2014, the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) called for caution when using a laparoscopic power morcellation to aid in a hysterectomy or myomectomy in women. The FDA noted that the use of laparoscopic power morcellation in hysterectomy or myomectomy increased cancer risk in women. Just over six months later, the FDA issued an “Immediately in Effect” guidance to the public and health professionals, requiring the manufacturer of laparoscopic power morcellators to update warnings on the box.

How it Works

Laparoscopic power morcellation is commonly used in hysterectomy—removal of the uterus —and myomectomy—removal of uterine fibroids. Laparoscopic power morcellation is one of several options to remove fibroids, but offers a few benefits like reduced risk of infection and quicker post-operation recovery time. These devices breakdown uterine fibroids into fragments so they can be removed from the body.

Where the Danger Lies

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths that originate from the smooth muscle tissue in the wall of the uterus. According to the National Institute of Health, most women will develop uterine NA-CC035B_MORCE_G_20140722220608fibroids at some point in their lives.

However, current data estimates that 1 in every 350 women undergoing a hysterectomy or myomectomy is found to have an unsuspected uterine sarcoma, a type of uterine cancer that includes leiomyosarcoma. If laparoscopic power morcellation is performed in women with unsuspected uterine sarcoma, there is a risk the procedure will spread the cancerous tissue within the abdomen and pelvis, significantly worsening the patient’s likelihood of long-term survival.

Insurers Have Taken Notice

Given the danger of performing laparoscopic power morcellation in women to remove fibroids, Aetna Inc—the nation’s third-largest health plan—will stop covering routine use of laparoscopic power morcellation. Citing the FDA’s concerns with the increased risk of cancer, Aetna’s new policy will take effect on May 15th, 2015, and will require prior approval from the insurer.

Getting Help

If you, or a loved one, has recently had a hysterectomy or myomectomy where laparoscopic power morcellation was used, consequently spreading cancerous tissue, it is important to call an attorney immediately. The Law Offices of Michael Cordova has attorneys who are experienced in wrongful death, medical malpractice, and products liability, and will vigorously fight for your justice.