Arizona Dog-Bite Laws

Arizona’s Dog Bite Laws: An Introduction to Liability for Dog Bites.

A dog can be a man’s best friend. But sometimes dogs bite. In Arizona, dog bite laws impose strict liability on the owner of a dog that bites a person. Strict liability means the owner of the dog is responsible for injuries inflicted by their dog without respect to fault on the part of the owner.

Dog Bite Blog

Merits of a Lawsuit

While not an exhaustive list, here are some questions that can be used to determine the potential merits of a dog bite lawsuit.

How serious were the injuries? The severity of the injuries may determine the amount of potential recovery.

Do you know who owns the dog? Any legal claim must be brought against the dog’s owner.

Where did the incident occur? In strict liability states, like Arizona, you may only have to prove that you were bitten by a dog owned by another person, without provocation.

Beware! Dog bite statutes have a one-year statute of limitations.

In Arizona, if you have been injured as a result of a dog bite, you have one year to bring a lawsuit. In some cases, however, you may have two years. The length of time to take action for a dog bite injury depends on the law applied to your case.

Who pays damages resulting from a dog bite?

Dog bites can result in serious and permanent injury, and lead to expensive medical bills and lost wages. To protect oneself from liability a dog owner should have animal insurance. Additionally, homeowner and car insurance can help pay for damages resulting from a dog bite.

Tips for Avoiding Dog Bites.

About 4.7 million Americans suffer from dog bites each year. Here are just a few tips for avoiding dog bites:

Look for signs of anxiety—these signs can include: ears folded back, tenseness, or the whites of their eyes are visible.

Heed the yellow ribbon—if a dog is wearing a yellow ribbon on its collar or leash, this is a sign that the dog should be approached with caution.

Do not let kids chase dogs—chasing after a dog, primarily a dog that has walked away from a child that is bothering it, may make it feel the need to attack to protect itself.

If you or a loved one has suffered an injury resulting from a dog bite, it is important to seek medical attention for your injury, obtain all documentation, and call an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in claims involving dog bites in Arizona.

The Risks of Plastic Surgery

The Risks of Plastic Surgery

With plastic surgery procedures continuing at a steady growth, many complications can occur. In 2014, there were 15.6 million cosmetic procedures and 5.8 million reconstructive procedures. Plastic surgery procedures, however, carry serious health risks. While the reason for plastic surgery differs from person to person, the health risks involved from such procedures are all the same. Some post-operative complications are unavoidable, while others could be due to medical malpractice.

Plastic Surgery


The need for awareness.

While this is not an exhaustive list of health risks that can result from a procedure gone wrong, below are some of the common risks to look out for after a plastic surgery procedure:


Complications from anesthesia—anesthesia (some form thereof) is used in almost any procedure. Complications can lead to lung infections, stroke, heart attacks, and even death.

Nerve or Organ damage—with so many nerves in our body, potential for nerve damage is present in many surgical procedures; plastic surgery can create numbness and/or tingling afterwards.

Hematoma—a collection of blood outside the blood vessels can visibly resemble a large bruise and may require additional operations to drain the blood.

Seroma—occurs when blood plasma pools beneath the surface of the skin due to ruptured blood vessels which can result in swelling and pain. Seromas can become infected and may need to be drained with a needle.

Responsibilities of a plastic surgeon.

A huge part of a plastic surgeon’s job is educating patients about safety concerns or risks associated with the procedures the patient wants. For example, a surgeon must instruct his patient on the proper aftercare following the procedure. Additionally, a plastic surgeon’s job is not finished once a patient leaves recovery. Rather, a surgeon must schedule follow-up appointments to check the healing of the procedures and check for any warning signs of infection or other complications, or adjust the recovery plan as necessary. If a plastic surgeon fails to uphold his duties, he is subject to the consequences.

Plastic Surgeon Ethics.

The Hippocratic Oath, the most famous text in Western medicine, instructs doctors to act in the best interests of their patients. When unjust circumstances arise, doctors should strive to correct the injustice harming their patients. Additionally, doctors should refrain from immoral behavior and resist the temptations that accompany their privileged position. The Hippocratic Oath requires doctors to acknowledge the limits of their competence and keep patient information confidential. Doctors must respect the Hippocratic Oath; if they do not, they are subject to punishment.

If you or a loved one is a victim of medical malpractice resulting from a plastic surgery procedure, it is important to call an attorney immediately. The attorneys at the Law Offices of Michael Cordova are experienced in medical malpractice claims involving plastic surgery procedures gone wrong.

Raffle for Phoenix Children’s Project

According to The Annie E. Casey Foundation, a whopping 27% – or 429,000 – of children in Arizona are living in poverty with Arizona ranking a dismal 46th in the United States.  One local foundation, Phoenix Children’s Project, has made it its mission to improve the lives of children living in poverty in our local Phoenix community.  Most recently, the Law Offices of Michael Cordova sponsored children as part of the Phoenix Children’s Project back-to-school program, providing uniforms, shoes, and essentials to start the new school year.  Do you have the desire to help children in our local community but not sure how?  The Law Offices of Michael Cordova has made it easy and fun to support this great organization!  We have created a Diamondbacks raffle giveaway, and here is how it works:


For every $1 you donate, your name will be entered into the raffle. You have a chance to win a Diamondbacks basket filled with lots of goodies and 4 tickets to the Diamondbacks vs. Los Angeles Dodgers game at Chase Field on Saturday, September 12th at 5:10 PM.

Simply click on the Donate link, make your donation, and fill out your name and e-mail address in the instruction box to be entered into the raffle. Remember, if you donate 1$, your name is entered once. If you donate $5, your name is entered 5 times! All proceeds will be given to the Phoenix Children’s Project. The raffle will end on Monday, September 7th at midnight, and the winner will be announced Tuesday morning.

Childhood poverty is happening right in our backyard. Let’s combat this local problem together!




Scholarship Winner for 2015-2016

The Law Offices of Michael Cordova is pleased to announce that Tania Mendez-Delgado is the winner of our annual scholarship for the 2015-2016 school year. Tania epitomizes what we were looking for in a recipient, and we look forward to helping her realize her goal of pursuing higher education.

Scholarship Winner

Unfortunately, it can be extremely difficult for young high school graduates to afford the expenses associated with higher education, and Tania worries about these costs. She does not want to impose them on her family, and the Law Offices of Michael Cordova Scholarship helps ease this financial burden. Tania is grateful for this opportunity and is quite humbled in having been picked.

In preparation of pursuing higher education at ASU, Tania dedicated her time and efforts on excelling during her high school academic career. In addition to being involved in extracurricular activities in high school, Tania played an active role in helping those less fortunate in her local community. She also has a personal appreciation of higher education as a first generation student and looks forward to obtaining a degree with the hopes of bettering herself, helping her family, and continuing to help those less fortunate.

It has been an honor and privilege having met Tania, and we wish her the best of luck in pursuing higher education and accomplishing her dreams!

Beating Heat Exhaustion

For an entire month, Arizona has seen daily temps reach 100 degrees or more. The following month is much of the same. Suffice it to say, hot weather is here to stay, and beating the heat is now a priority. An often overlooked aspect of hot weather, though, is heat exhaustion. This largely stems from our constant sluice of air conditioning. But, make no mistake, heat exhaustion can happen quickly, and to the most unsuspecting.

Background of Heat Exhaustion

Living in the desert can be a bit deceiving. Indeed, this is particularly true when dealing with heat, and heat exhaustion. Many times, our desert doesn’t afford us the gradual climb to 100 degrees; rather, the Arizona desert seems to prefer going from the 80s in March, to outright scorching by May. This makes the problem of heat exhaustion even more problematic, as it denies our bodies to acclimate to the weather.heat exhaustion

Further, the spike in heat, along with sustained heat thereafter, poses another set of problems—old habits die hard. Most people, like us, need time to change our daily habits to deal with the heat. This includes drinking 1-2 extra cups of water, changing our workout or hiking routine, and certainly changing the times we head outside. Without this much needed buffer of time to help acclimate to the weather, you might find yourself behind the curve.

That being said, Arizona emergency rooms consistently experience almost 2000 heat exhaustion cases year-over-year. Moreover, Arizona Department of Public Safety reports that heat has claimed 1,500 lives from the years 2000-2012. Numbers like that are no laughing matter.  So, let’s get into how we can combat heat exhaustion.

Types of Heat Exhaustion

Perhaps a surprise to many, heat exhaustion comes in two forms: water depletion, and salt depletion. Further, many cases of heat exhaustion are accompanied by dehydration. Lastly, without proper and immediate treatment, heat exhaustion can easily turn into heat stroke possibly damaging your brain, and other vital organs.

Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

There exist a variety of indicators to let you know the onset of heat exhaustion has occurred. Here are the most common signs:

  • Nausea, Diarrhea, or Vomiting
  • Muscle or Abdominal Cramps
  • Confusion, Dizziness, Fainting, or Headache
  • Pale Skin and Profuse Sweating

Treating Heat Exhaustion

The principle to treating heat exhaustion is a relatively easy one: get cool! To that end, the first thing to do is get out of the sun, then focus on cooling down. To accomplish the latter, loosen or remove tight fitting clothes, put something cold on the back of your neck, utilize any other cooling measures such as fans and baths, and begin to hydrate. As a good rule of thumb, consider doing all of them. If these remedial measures fail to provide relief, someone should seek emergency medical help for you.

With the Arizona heat showing no sign of reprieve, knowing the basics of heat exhaustion could save your life, or a loved one’s life. Be sure to know the symptoms of heat exhaustion, and the remedial measures to help combat the onset of heat exhaustion.  For more information, you can visit sites like WebMD or the Mayo Clinic for more information on heat exhaustion.

The Law Offices of Michael Cordova is committed to the safety of not just our clients, but our community. This article is meant to be informative, and in no way provides medical advice.  Should the onset of heat exhaustion occur, or any other medical ailments, the Law Offices of Michael Cordova reminds you to consult a medical professional for assistance.